Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts (obsessions) that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear or worry. It is accompanied by repetitive behaviors (compulsions) aimed at reducing the associated anxiety or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.
Common symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding; preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; relationship-related obsessions; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room.
These symptoms can be socially alienating and time-consuming, and often cause severe emotional and financial distress. The acts of those who have OCD may appear paranoid and potentially psychotic. However, OCD sufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsions as irrational and may become further distressed by this realization.
As with other anxiety-based conditions, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is considered an empirically supported treatment that is very effective in dealing with the unremitting anxiety and worry underlying obsessive compulsive behavior. Because avoidance of situations that involve the content of the obsessions and excessive concerns regarding one’s health and medical condition are frequent issues, therapy is strongly recommended to help the client handle both the dysfunctional thinking and behavior.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is a form of anxiety and as such is seen in the brain waves. The frontal lobes show dominant fast, high voltage patterns while the back of the brain may be deficient in alpha production. These patterns are seen in a comprehensive brain wave evaluation.
Neurofeedback training consists of reducing fast activity in both the left and right frontal lobes of the brain as well as training to enhance alpha production in the back of the brain.